Josep Borrell, the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, said that without “global cooperation based on agreed rules” we risk “the law of the jungle, where problems are not solved”.
“Every day we see the cost of the absence of multilateral action: reduced access to vaccines, insufficient climate action, escalating peace and security crises,” he said.
Every day we see the cost of not taking multilateral action – High Representative of the EU
Prevention, peace building
According to the EU envoy, the “biggest changes” in the world come from new technologies, which can be both disruptive and responsible.
Emerging technologies must reflect the values of the Declaration of Human Rights or a “nightmare scenario” will follow, he warned.
“We all know that conflict prevention and peace-building are key,” said Borrell, urging states to work with countries at risk “before conflict breaks out.”
Impact of COVID
Now, in the second year of the COVID pandemic, the world must learn how human health and safety are linked to that of the planet, the High Representative said.
“Where politics has given us stalemates and divisions, science and cooperation have given us the exit strategy: vaccines. The EU is a staunch promoter of vaccine multilateralism “, with the UN-led vaccine fair distribution initiative COVAX in the center, he said.
Beyond the pandemic
Climate change and biodiversity loss have reached existential levels, stressed the EU envoy.
He called the UN summits in Kunming and Glasgow at the end of this year “a real test of the multilateral system”, stressing the need for them to produce “real results, in line with the scale and urgency of the problem. “.
To boost the success of the Summits, he hoped that the Council would approve a resolution on the increasingly evident link between climate change and growing insecurity.
‘Paralyzed by vetoes’
You Security Council he continues to be “paralyzed by vetoes and political struggles”, said Borrell, reminding the ambassadors that theirs is “a grave responsibility, politically, even morally”.
In matters of peace and security, there is no other organization the EU can turn to, he said, demanding that it “match its belated but unanimous support for … a global ceasefire with a total commitment to its implementation “.
Working with Iran
Regarding the Iranian nuclear deal, Borrell said the EU is working “relentlessly” to relaunch the deal “in all its aspects”.
While making progress, he acknowledged that discussions are “intense and slow”, saying there is still “a lot of work to be done”.
United Nations photo / Eskinder Debebe
The high representative painted a grim picture of subjugation in Belarus, from “massive” crackdown on peaceful protesters“To the” scandalous ” forced landing of a civilian plane traveling between two European capitals to arrest a journalist.
Responding to the “big attack” with a “firm and principled” response, he said, the EU has closed its airspace to Belarusian airlines and is adopting a new sanctions package, including a three billion euro package. of economic support for “a democratic Belarus”.
The Council exploits Ukraine
Mr. Borrell said Ukraine was “manipulated” by the Security Council for political purposes.
Noting that while unanimously supporting the Minsk Agreement to end the war in eastern Ukraine, he said, very little implementation has been implemented and urged ambassadors to step up their responsibility to decompose the region.
“The European Union will not stand still until all the countries in the region are within the European Union,” said the EU representative.
To this end, the EU advocates reconciliation and reforms as “the best antidote to nationalist rhetoric”.
Multilateralism, said Borrell, is “the most effective tool for addressing the most serious and complex global challenges”.
“My appeal is for pragmatism, solidarity and humanity. The multilateral system must provide common goods as defined by international law, norms and agreements, ”he said.